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Gunung Kawi Temple Tampak Siring

Gunung Kawi Temple, the stunning wall sculptures in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple, the stunning wall sculptures in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

There is an amazing archaeological sites. Among the terraced paddy fields with traditional Subak irrigation system, there are 10 temples were carved on the walls of sandstone cliffs. The historic site named Cliff Temple Gunung Kawi is included in the Banjar Penaka, Tampaksiring Village, District Tampaksiring, Gianyar. It is around 38 km from Denpasar, or 45 km from Bali International airport. It may take more than 1 hour driving from Kuta area. if you are coming from Ubud, it may take around 30 minutes driving. This temple (Shrine) is spread across either side of the Pakerisan river. It comprises 10 rock-cut Candi (shrines) that are carved into some 7-metre-high (23 ft) sheltered niches of the sheer cliff face.

Cliff Temple Gunung Kawi is estimated to have been built since the mid 11th century AD, during the Udayana dynasty (Warmadewa). The temple construction is expected to begin during the reign of King Sri Paduka Haji Dharmawangsa Marakata Pangkaja Stanattunggadewa (944-948 Saka / 1025-1049 AD) and ending on the reign of King Child Wungsu (971-999 Saka / 1049-1080 AD). In Tengkulak inscription which dates to the year 945 Saka (1023 AD), there is a description on the banks of the River Pakerisan complex there is a hermitage (kantyangan) named Amarawati. Archaeologists argue, referring to the region where Amarawati Cliff Temple Gunung Kawi is located.

In layout, the ten temples spread over three points. Five of them are on the east side of the river Tukad Pakerisan, while the rest are scattered at two points on the west side of the river. Five temple located on the east side of the river is considered as the main part of the complex of Cliff Temple Gunung Kawi. According to history, King Udayana and empress Gunapriya Dharmapatni has three children, namely Airlangga, Marakata, and Children Wungsu. The eldest, Airlangga, later became the King of Medang Mataram replace his grandfather, Mpu Sendok. When Udayana died, the throne submitted to Marakata – who then passed on to the Child Wungsu. Cliff Temple Gunung Kawi complex was originally built by King Marakata as a place of worship for the souls of his father, King Udayana.

In the north of the west side of the river Tukad Pakerisan, there are four temples in rows from north to south and facing the river. Meanwhile, the other temples located on the south side, about 200 meters from the four earlier temples.

Among the ten temples in this region, it is estimated that the first building constructed temple whose position is the most northerly of a series of five temples in the east of the river. This is based on the words “Haji Lumah Ing Jalu” beraksara kadiri square in the upper gate of the temple. This article means ‘king buried in jalu (river Tukad Pakerisan)’ indicates that this temple was built as a place of worship of the spirits of King Udayana. The other five temples in this series allegedly built to consort and children of King Udayana.

Meanwhile, the four temple located on the west side, according to archaeologist Dr. R. Goris, possibly a temple (padharman) dedicated for the fourth concubine of King Udayana. Meanwhile, the other temples that position further south allegedly built for one of the high officials level royal prime minister or advisor to the king.

From some historical references of the era, the existence of this temple can be attributed to the figure of professor Kuturan. Professor Kuturan is the messenger of King Airlangga for his brother, King Son Wungsu. Later, professor Kuturan king appointed chief advisor and has an important role in the development of the Kingdom Bedahulu.

Overall this temple complex functioned as temples, places of worship by the royal family of King Child Wungsu. What is interesting, in this Hindu temple there are a number of niche identified by archeologists as a place of meditation Buddhist / monastery. These recesses carved in the cliff wall, just as Hindu temples in the vicinity. The existence of a Hindu temple complex adjacent to the ascetic Buddhist kingdom Bedahulu this show when it has been applying the tolerance and harmony in religious life.

This temple complex is open as one of famous tourist location, specially for those who love to know about history of Bali in anyway. Please visit this temple in your tour list, this temple can be in the same itinerary with Kintamani (volcano tour). Trust that you will get amazing feeling and experience from this place. The entrance fee only Rp 15.000 / pax. including sarong.

The following are photos of Gunung kawi temple in Tampak siring, Bali

Gunung Kawi Temple Main gate entrace, in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple Main gate entrance, in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple on the tiny bridge, in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple on the tiny bridge, in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple, small stream flowing by the temple location in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple historical wall sculptures in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple historical wall sculptures in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple, with water fountain in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi ancient temple-Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi ancient temple-Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple entrace gate, in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple entrace gate, in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali - Indonesia - Bali Hello Travel

Gunung Kawi Temple in Tampak Siring village, Bali – Indonesia – Bali Hello Travel