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Besakih Temple (Mother temple)

Agung monut (Besakih temple on the slope) - Bali Hello Travel

Agung monut (Besakih temple on the slope) – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih Temple is a temple complex located on the Mount Agung’s slope, in village Besakih, District Rendang Karangasem regency, Bali, Indonesia. Besakih temple is located about 80 Km from Bali International airport, or abround 2 hours driving. Commonly this temple is called as Mother temple, because this temple is the oldest and biggest temple on the island. Besakih Temple point was found by Rsi Markandeya during 8 Century, where He and his follower meditated and shelter around, as well as planting Panca Datu Metals (Gold, Silver, Cooper, bronze and iron) in each direction under the ground where Basukian temple standing up now. The symbol of the metals plant is for the spiritual balance of the Universe at the same point the first temple started set.

Besakih complex consists of 1 Pura Center (Penataran Besakih) and 20 Pura Assistants (1 Pura Pura Basukian and 19 Others). The Pura Basukian, this is the first time in the area where it receives the revelation of God by Hyang Rsi Markendya, forerunner Agama Hindu Dharma now in Bali, as its center. Besakih is the center of activities of the entire temple in Bali. Among all pretend that is included in the complex Besakih, Penataran is the temple of the largest, most buildings pelinggihnya, most types upakaranya and is the center and all the temple in the temple complex Besakih. The Penataran there are 3 main temple statues or symbols of the nature of God Stana Tri Murti, namely Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, which is the symbol of God the Creator, Sustainer and the Deity of Lord Fuser / Reincarnation. Besakih included in the nomination list of UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1995.

Philosophy
The Besakih’s name is come from the word of Basuki, the old language from Sanskrit Wasuki, and then it become the Ancient Java Language. In this Sanskrit, the Basuki means congratulation. In mythology of Samudramanthana has mentioned that Basuki is a dragon that twines the Mount Mandara. The omission has come from tradition megalithic which had been indicated that it had to be sanctified place. It seems, the Besakih is coming from very old era which is far before the existence of Hinduism influence. Hereinafter, an Ancient Bali king of Sri Kesari Warmadewa found the Merajan Selonding Temple in this temple complex area. He also commands to build the Blanjong Monument that is located in Sanur Village. The Besakih Temple complex is built pursuant to cosmos balance. It is based on the nature conception which is disseminating the fundamental temple complex that is arranged to pursuant of the way direction. So, this building can deputize nature as symbolic of the world balance existence.

Besakih physical presence of the building, not just being a place of worship to Almighty God, according to the trust Agama Hindu Dharma, which is the largest on the island, but in the background it has linkages with the meaning of Gunung Agung. A highest mountain on the island of Bali which is believed to be the center of Government Nature Spirits, Nature of the Gods, which is God’s messenger to the island and the surrounding region. So it is fitting that on the slopes of Mount Agung Southwestern created a building for the sanctity of the human race, Besakih meaningful philosophical.
Philosophical meaning in Besakih in its development, containing elements of culture that includes:

  • System knowledge,
  • Life equipment and technology,
  • Social organizations,
  • Livelihood,
  • Language system,
  • Religion and ritual, and Art

The seventh element of culture is embodied in the form of cultural ideas, a form of cultural activity, and a form of material culture. It has already emerged both in the pre-Hindu and Hindu period which has been progressing through the mythic stage, stage and phase of functional ontology.

Architecture
This Mother Temple is actually a complex made up of twenty-two temples that sit on parallel ridges. It has stepped terraces and flights of stairs which ascend to a number of courtyards and brick gateways that in turn lead up to the main spire or Meru structure, which is called Pura Penataran Agung. All this is aligned along a single axis and designed to lead the spiritual person upward and closer to the mountain which is considered sacred.

The main sanctuary of the complex is the Pura Penataran Agung. The symbolic center of the main sanctuary is the lotus throne or padmasana, which is therefore the ritual focus of the entire complex. It dates to around the seventeenth century.

There are five main direction, where in each direction built very special temple each. The main direction is East, South, West, North and Central as a center point. Each cardinal direction is called by Mandala with the ruling deity called ‘Dewa Catur Lokapala’ and the central Mandala become ‘Panca Dewata’. The realization of the cosmos concept as follows:

  • Penataran Agung Besakih Temple as a center Mandala in central point to worship the Shiva God
  • Gelap Temple located in east direction to worship Iswara God
  • Kiduling Kreteg Temple located in south direction to worship Brahma God
  • Ulun Kulkul is located in west direction to worship Mahadewa God
  • Batumadeg Temple located in north direction to worship Vishnu God.

In Hindu philosophy, five gods (Panca Dewata) is a manifestation of Shiva God and move over complex become 10 gods (Eka Dasa Rudra) includes Iswara God, Mahaeswara God, Brahma God, Rudra God, Mahadewa God, Sangkara God,  Wisnu God, Sambu God, Siwa God, Sadasiwa God and Paramasiwa God.

A series of eruptions of Mount Agung in 1963, which killed approximately 1,700 people also threatened Pura Besakih. The lava flows missed the temple complex by mere meters. The saving of the temple is regarded by the Balinese people as miraculous, and a signal from the gods that they wished to demonstrate their power but not destroy the monument the Balinese faithful had erected.

Temple complex Name List:

01. Pura Pesimpangan                                                                   11. Pura Basukihan
02. Pura Dalem Puri                                                                        12. Pura Penataran Agung
03. Pura Manik Mas                                                                         13. Pura Batu Madeg
04. Pura Bangun Sakti                                                                    14. Pura Kiduling Kreteg
05. Pura Ulun Kulkul                                                                       15. Pura Gelap
06. Pura Merajan Selonding                                                          16. Pura Pengubengan
07. Pura Gua Raja                                                                           18. Pura Peninjoan
08. Pura Banua Kawan                                                                    20. Pura Tirtha
09. Pura Merajan Kanginan                                                            21. Pura Pasar Agung.
10. Pura Jenggala / Pura Hyang Aluh

It is very easy to find this temple in Bali where most of the people have known it in particular the Balinese Hindu. It is about 2 hours away from Bali’s International Airport by car to the east part of Bali and right located in Besakih Village, Rendang – Karangasem Regency. You may join the Besakih Temple Tour, the exciting tour package to visit the places of interest on the way to this temple.

PHOTO GALLERY

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih Temple-Mother Temple, Karangasem-Bali Hello Travel

Besakih Temple-Mother Temple, Karangasem-Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple) in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple), the look of Gelap Temple, in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple), the look of Gelap Temple, in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple), the look of Gelap Temple, in Bali at stunning look - Bali Hello Travel

Besakih (Mother temple), the look of Gelap Temple, in Bali at stunning look – Bali Hello Travel